The aim of this program is to review the effectiveness of the pre-construction hazard and risk prevention plans submitted by high-risk construction sites with certain contract values or greater, and to ensure that such plans are implemented as planned during construction to ensure safety and reduce fatalities on construction sites.
Parties required to submit pre-construction hazard and risk prevention plans
1. A business that is involved in the construction, renovation/remodeling, or demolition of any of the following types of buildings:
a) Any structure to rise 31 meters or higher above the ground;
b) Any structure with a total floor area of 30,000 square meters or greater; or
c) Any facility with a total floor area of 5,000 square meters or greater (including facilities for cultural events and gatherings, retail, transportation, religion, general hospitals, tourist accommodation, underground retail, and refrigerated/frozen warehouses).
2. A business that installs equipment and/or insulates a refrigerated/frozen warehouse with a total floor area of 5,000 square meters or greater;
3. A business that builds a bridge with a maximum span of 50 meters or greater;
4. A business that is involved in the construction of tunnels;
5. A business that is involved in the construction of multipurpose, hydropower, and other specific-purpose dams with a water retention capacity of 20 million tons or greater each.
Legal basis: Article 42, Occupational Safety and Health Act.
Review and Checks
- Every business required to submit hazard and risk prevention plans (e.g., a business building a structure 31 meters tall or taller) is to submit its plan to the KOSHA on the day before groundbreaking at the latest.
- The KOSHA then reviews the plan in accordance with the law. It may require the business to submit additional documents if necessary (within 10 days) and re-review the plan.
- The result of the review can be either full acceptance, partial acceptance, or rejection.
- Where the given plan is fully or partially accepted, the owner of the business is directly notified, and the plan is then shared with the head of the local labor authority.
※ Where the given plan is rejected, the owner of the business will be notified accordingly, along with the head of the local labor authority and the head of the local government’s department responsible for issuing construction permits.
※ Possible causes for rejection include inconsistency between the plan and design drawings and the lack of a specific plan for evaluating and managing risks involved in certain works.
- The KOSHA checks the implementation of the hazard and risk prevention plan every six months, particularly in relation to the following:
※ Whether the actual progress on the construction site matches the plan;
※ Whether the change(s) made to the plan comply with Article 42.6 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act; and
※ Whether there are any additional (unplanned-for) hazards and/or risk factors.
- The result of the check can be either full acceptance, partial acceptance, or rejection.
- The KOSHA will demand that any minor fault found through a check be corrected within 10 days (for partial acceptance). Where there is a major hazard or risk factor to be addressed, the KOSHA will request that the local labor authority take the necessary corrective action.